Shady Grove Eye & Vision Care
15200 Shady Grove Rd #100 Rockville MD 20850 +1 301-670-1212 $$

(301) 281-6831

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Diabetic Retinopathy 101: Causes, Stages, and Management

Diabetes occurs when your body fails to properly respond to insulin or produces an inadequate amount of this hormone. Over time, the condition can lead to various complications, such as diabetic retinopathy. In today’s post, your experienced eye doctors from Shady Grove Eye and Vision Care, explain this condition in detail.

Common Causes

The retina is a thin layer of tissue that contains photoreceptors and is responsible for converting light into the nerve signals that your brain will translate into images. Patients with diabetes have high sugar levels, causing their blood to thicken. This can restrict blood flow to the eyes and reduce oxygen and nutrient delivery to your retina, leading to visual impairment.

The Two General Phases and Their Corresponding Symptoms

If you or any of your relatives are diabetic, we recommend having a comprehensive eye exam in Rockville, MD. Diabetic retinopathy is often asymptomatic in the early stages, making early detection nearly impossible without a thorough eye exam. As the condition progresses, retinal blood vessels may start to weaken, leading to blood and fluid leaks in the retina’s central region, also known as the macula. When the macula swells, you may experience dimmed or blurred central vision.

The advanced or proliferative phase of diabetic retinopathy involves the growth of abnormal and fragile blood vessels. Once they rupture, blood deposits may appear as black dots across your visual field. They may also form scars that may cause retinal tears or detachment. You may experience central and peripheral vision problems when this happens. Left untreated, the condition can lead to complete vision loss.

Our Recommended Treatment

The most effective management is to control your blood glucose levels. We advise strict compliance with your doctor’s prescribed diabetes medications and lifestyle changes. We may also perform a dilated eye assessment so we can examine your ocular blood vessels and check for any irregularities. For more severe cases, we may suggest having laser eye surgery in Washington, DC.

If you have any further questions about diabetic retinopathy, call us at (301) 859-4060. You may also complete our form to request an appointment.

Written by 4ecps

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15200 Shady Grove Road, Suite 100
Rockville, MD, 20850

Contact Information

Phone: (301) 670-1212

Shady Grove Care Hours

In addition to our office hours, we offer a 24-hour emergency answering service available to all established patients.

Monday: 9 AM - 6 PM
Tuesday: 8 AM - 6 PM
Wednesday: 9 AM - 6 PM
Thursday: 8 AM - 6 PM
Friday: 9 AM - 5 PM
Saturday: Appointment Only
Sunday: Closed

Additional Notes

We will not be open on Saturday, September 18, 2021

We will no longer be open on Saturdays starting in October until further notice.