Age-related macular degeneration or AMD is the deterioration of the macula, the small central area of the retina that controls visual acuity. The condition of the macula determines our ability to recognize faces, read watch television, use a computer, and perform any visual task that needs fine detail. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss among older members of the population. In a recent study, researchers found an association between diet, exercise, and smoking habits with AMD risk.
AMD and Lifestyle Factors
A team of investigators at the University of Wisconsin-Madison conducted a study to determine the relation between genetic and lifestyle factors with age-related macular degeneration. Their study found that if you have a family history of AMD, your lifestyle choices might have an effect on your risk of developing AMD. That is why our expert optometrist in Potomac, MD, recommends that patients eat a healthy diet, avoid smoking, and perform regular exercise. These can help protect you from AMD.
Reducing Your Risk of AMD
To reduce your risk of AMD, eat many dark and leafy green vegetables. Spinach is good, as well. Take a balanced multivitamin/multimineral supplement. Eat plenty of fish or take a fish oil supplement. Some studies have found that omega-3 fatty acids can help prevent AMD. As an eye specialist in Alexandria, VA, we also recommend that you wear sunglasses outdoors to block harmful UV rays.
In addition, clinical trials sponsored by the National Eye Institute have suggested that certain nutritional supplements can help. The first AREDS study had a vitamin formula with 15 mg of beta carotene, 400 IU of vitamin E, 500 mg of vitamin C, 80 mg of zinc as zinc oxide, and 2 mg of copper as cupric oxide. As a trusted name in eye care and laser eye surgery in Rockville, MD, we can suggest the right treatment option for your AMD.
You can reduce your risk of age-related macular degeneration by avoiding smoking, eating a healthy diet, and performing regular exercise. It is also important to undergo regular eye exams so you always know the condition of your eyes. Shady Grove Eye and Vision Care can help you with eye exams and help you deal with age-related macular degeneration. We also offer a range of eye care and optical services. Call us at (301) 859-4060 to learn more about AMD. You can also schedule an appointment.